Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11422/1892
Type: Relatório
Title: Analyzing problem solving strategies under a cognitive viewpoint
Author(s)/Inventor(s): Soares, Adriana
Caetano, Manoel
Lima, Cabral
Abstract: In this paper we investigate the hurnan reasoning applied to the rnathernatical problem resolution process. Our approach is based on two main settings: a. the investigation of mental processes involved in the human reasoning applied to problem resolution; b. the analysis of differences in the categorization and resolution of rnathematical problems by beginners and specialists. In a. we sought to contribute for the rupture of the logical-formal reasoning paradigm. In fact, we sought to contribute for the rupture of the idea that identifies the hurnan as a completely rational entity, which invokes a thinking way that adheres the rules of an explicit form. Our results show that the human reasoning is not determined exclusively by logical- forrnal guidelines, but is rather determined by characteristics and aspects of the context. In b. we sought to analyze more effectively the problem-resolution process. We concentrated our discussion on the differences in the categorization and resolution of mathematical problems by beginners and specialists. Our results indicate for a problem categorization and subsequent resolution: specialists are guided by organized logical principIes, and beginners are guided by superficial elements found in its enunciation.
Keywords: Human reasoning
Cognitive science
Ciência cognitiva
Raciocínio humano
Mathematical problem resolution
Subject CNPq: CNPQ::CIENCIAS EXATAS E DA TERRA::CIENCIA DA COMPUTACAO
Production unit: Instituto Tércio Pacitti de Aplicações e Pesquisas Computacionais
In: Relatório Técnico NCE
Issue: 0902
Issue Date: 5-Dec-2002
Publisher country: Brasil
Language: eng
Right access: Acesso Aberto
Citation: SOARES, A.; CAETANO, M.; LIMA, C. Analyzing problem solving strategies under a cognitive viewpoint. Rio de Janeiro: NCE/UFRJ, 2002. 10 p. (Relatório Técnico, 09/02)
Appears in Collections:Relatórios

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