Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11422/1956
Type: Relatório
Title: Application of a blind person strategy for obstacle avoidance with the use of potential fields
Author(s)/Inventor(s): Lopes, Emerson Prado
Aude, Eliana Prado Lopes
Silveira, Julio Tadeu Carvalho da
Serdeira, Henrique
Martins, Mario Ferreira
Abstract: This paper proposes a new obstacle avoidance algorithm for the CONTROLAB AGV which uses a similar strategy adopted by a blind person to avoid obstacles while walking. The AGV moves within an office environment with a known floorplan and uses an "electronic stick" consisting of infraredsensors to detect unknown obstacles. Initially a global potential field function is defined for each floorplan room. While the AGV is moving, the original potential function is modified each time an obstacle is detected by the infrared sensors. This modification is simply performed by the addition of previously calculated potentlal field values on a grid which represents the room working area. The interestlng aspects of the proposed approach are that the potential function adaptation involves very low computational burden, the algorithm is free from local minima, the obstacles can have any shape and low cost sensors can be used to detect obstacles.
Keywords: Obstáculos de escape
Campos em potencial
Planejamento de trajetória
Robôs móveis
Subject CNPq: CNPQ::CIENCIAS EXATAS E DA TERRA::CIENCIA DA COMPUTACAO
Department : Instituto Tércio Pacitti de Aplicações e Pesquisas Computacionais
In: Relatório técnico NCE
Issue: 2402
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2002
Publisher country: Brasil
Language: eng
Right access: Acesso Aberto
Citation: LOPES, E. P. et al. Application of a blind person strategy for obstacle avoidance with the use of potential fields. Rio de Janeiro: NCE, UFRJ, 2002. 6 p. (Relatório Técnico, 24/02)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11422/1956
Appears in Collections:Relatórios Técnicos e de Pesquisa

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